School vaccinations

Half of Florida counties meet state's vaccination goal

One of the worst measles outbreaks in 20 years has swept the country. Once declared eradicated in the United States, more than 750 people in almost 30 states have contracted the disease since last year.

In Florida, children are required to receive certain immunizations before starting kindergarten. But in Miami-Dade County, more kindergartners enter school unvaccinated than any other county. The result is a vaccination rate that falls under what experts call “herd immunity,” the rate needed to prevent an outbreak.

Immunization rates

In 2013, 92 percent of Miami-Dade County kindergartners enrolled in school fully immunized. Florida wants to immunize 95 percent of kindergartners. About half of all counties, including Miami-Dade, don't meet that goal.

Hover over a county to see its vaccination rate among kindergartners during the 2013-14 school year. Click on a county to see its vaccination rate among kindergartners during the 2013-14 school year. Tap on a county to see its vaccination rate among kindergartners during the 2013-14 school year.

87% – 92%
93% – 94%
95% – 97%
98% – 100%

Select a county to see its rates during the 2013-14 school year.

Kindergartners immunized

Kindergartners exempted

Medical
Exemption
Religious
Exemption
30-Day
Exemption
Unknown
Status

Vaccination exemption rates

In Florida, children can forgo immunization if their parents claim one of four exemptions. A temporary medical exemption — status given to children who started but not yet completed their shots — is the most common.

Miami-Dade experienced a fluctuation in temporary medical exemptions between 2007 and 2011. County health officials attributed the shift to medical professionals submitting forms incorrectly. However, the Florida Department of Health said the school district’s registrar inputted incorrect student information, which caused the change.

Locally, religious and permanent medical exemptions have increased almost annually since 2002. Meanwhile, 30-day exemptions — issued to students who transfer schools — remained low.

Temporary Medical
Permanent Medical
Religious
30-Day

Miami-Dade

Florida